Updated November 21, 2014
Recent genetic studies and technologies have improved our ability to monitor brain activity and have enabled a greater understanding of how the addictive brain behaves. These efforts have made it possible to develop more effective medications for treating addictions.
Medications are used as a part of a professionally directed drug and alcohol treatment program in conjunction with a support system such as a 12 step program and holistic approaches such as amino acid supplementation designed to reduce cravings for alcohol and drugs. To learn more, see nutrition in the holistic approaches section.