Biofeedback is a scientific way of learning tension reduction. Biofeedback practitioners employ instruments to give a person immediate feedback about the level of tension in their body. People practicing biofeedback often say they gain psychological confidence when they learn they can control their physiology. Biofeedback has been found effective in several aspects of addiction treatment.

Biofeedback practitioners can be located at the Biofeedback Certification Institute of America (BCIA) (

RESEARCH: Stewart SH, Kushner MG. “Introduction to the special issue on “Anxiety Sensitivity and Addictive Behaviors.” Addictive Behaviors. 26(6): 775-785, 2001.

Anxiety sensitivity (AS) is characterized by a fear of arousal-related bodily sensations that are interpreted as signs of impending catastrophe on physical, psychological, or social levels. AS has been linked to increased risk for the development of panic attacks, anxiety disorders and more recently to substance use disorders. AS is thought to increase drug withdrawal severity and to lower tolerance for withdrawal symptoms.

Biofeedback is a technique that is used to treat the type of anxiety sensitivity described above.